Hermetic Sealing of Electronic Components Using Laser Welding

Complex Path Contouring – Synchronized Laser Control – High Throughput

When confronted with health problems, medical technology today makes it possible for implants, for example pacemakers or insulin pumps, to perform important functions. Such implants are highly complex systems consisting of electrical and electronic components. Hermetic sealing, which keeps the microsystem and the surrounding tissue reliably separated from each other, is necessary for safe and reliable use in the human body. Components depend on hermetic sealing in order for them to function properly and reliably in other industries as well, for example sensors and electronics in the semiconductor industry or battery encasings need to be protected against vapor or foreign particles.

Laser welding is one method used for sealing. For this purpose, the laser spot is focused on the rotating workpiece. In order to achieve a uniformly high seam quality, the size of the laser spot must be maintained by keeping the distance between the laser and the workpiece the same during welding. In addition, the laser beam must must hit the surface of the workpiece at the correct angle. Holding or alignment errors of the workpiece must also be considered and corrected by the control of the laser welding path.

Hexapods, which can move in six degrees of freedom and allow for the definition of reference systems for workpiece and tool ("work", "tool" coordinate systems), can perform all these tasks reliably.

Key Features of the Positioning Solution

EtherCAT®-based control of hexapod and rotation stage simplifies system integration   
Full and continuous rotation of the device
Laser Control Module for controlling the laser source directly with full synchronization to the motion path
Simplified cable management for a long lifetime of operation compared to traditional stack systems
Low profile design provides motion in six degrees of freedom in a compact package with high stiffness
Motion Controller offers G-Code scripting commands or direct automation from CAD/CAM software

360° Rotation Axis θZ

Orientation of electronic component according to the required laser weld path:

  • High velocities and accelerations due to PIMag® magnetic direct drives
  • Flexible adaptation of drive force and dimensions due to in-house developed ironless torque motors
  • Smooth and precision operation w/o cogging
  • Highly accurate and repeatable rotation without backlash
    >> V-610


Maintaining laser distance, laser angle, and laser spot size for constant seam weld quality:

  • Parallel kinematic hexapod
  • Six degrees of freedom
  • Freely definable center of rotation for both tool and work piece coordinate systems
  • Precision tracking of complex motion profiles
    >> H-811.I2

Motion Control

Further Industries and Applications that Benefit from this Motion Solution

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Hexapods provide six degrees of freedom in the most compact package. In combination with absolute measuring sensors, software and motion controllers that make the most complicated motion profiles easy to command, PI hexapods answer industrial requirements.

Rotation Stages

Rotation Stages

PI offers stages with all kinds of motorization and guiding options: air-bearing, torque motor driven, motorized worm-gear coupled, tiny piezomotor stages and specialized goniometer stages with orthogonal tip-tilt mounting option.